“Exposing the Exodus”
God of the Covenant (Chapter 3 Verses 6-12)
The covenant of course was first made with Abraham. Moses is reminded here that he is in the presence of the active, faithful, covenant-keeping God (v6b). This surely brings to his mind the entire sweep of God’s entire redemptive plan. All his faithful doings since his appearance and promise to Abraham (Genesis 12:1; Acts 7:2). This is the God who began and furthered his cause and delivered his people, time and again. Through all the complications of Jacob’s life, then those of his son Joseph. It is the same God who delivered Moses at the time of his birth. Who providentially enabled him to trained at his mother’s knee, then in the courts of Egypt. It was this same God who installed in him the sense that he belonged to God’s people, preserving and keeping him through the years. And this God is our God. The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of Holy Scripture, the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. He is ever the changeless, faithful, covenant-keeping God. This is what his name Jehovah (Yahweh) means. The glorious King, full of splendour, majesty, the name or names of God express his character. Elohim, mighty Creator and preserver of all his creation. El-Shaddai, the mighty One who makes his creation subservient to his grace.
As Jehovah he governs the entire universe in omnipotence. He rules from on high, he sits in his temple surrounded by adoring creatures, praising him night and day. That God deals with men in the way of covenant is made plain in both Scripture and our Confessions (Westminster Confession of Faith, Chapter vii, 1-3). God’s covenant of grace is often described as being an agreement between God and man, or a contract. It’s neither. Both agreements and contracts have to be mutually discussed, This is most definitely not the biblical idea of covenant. The divine covenant is always unilateral. It is both imposed and kept by one side. In short, this means that redemption originates from God’s sovereign activity. It comes from the free spontaneous activity of God. God does not barter, bargain or plead with men. It is an absolute wonder of grace.
(© James R Hamilton, written Spring, 2015)