“And having received of the Father the promise of the Holy ghost” (Acts 2:33). The New Testament clarifies the point, especially in Galatians 4:1-6. Where the church of the old dispensation is compared to a child that is placed under tutors; while the church of the new dispensation is the full-grown son, that is free, and needs be treated as a slave no more. Now, there can be no question that, even as the child is one and the same person as the adult into which it grows, so the church of the old dispensation, under the law, is the same as that of the New Testament, free from the yoke of the law. And to this church, that was once under the law, but is now grown up, the Spirit of God’s Son is given. The line runs all the way through. It is not a new people that is born on the day of Pentecost, but by the outpouring of the Holy Spirit, the church passes from the old dispensation to the new. That, is the significance of Pentecost. It was therefore correct, that the outpouring of the Spirit should happen in Jerusalem, the centre of the church of the old dispensation. Only, that church was no longer represented by priesthood and temple, and by those who sought to continue the bondage of the law, but by the one hundred and twenty that, under the leadership of the apostles were gathered in the upper room, and waited for the fulfilment of the promise. Already the old city of God had lost its significance. Jerusalem was no longer on earth, but above. And from heaven it was to descend, through the Spirit of Christ, into the hearts of those that constituted the true Israel, the church of the living God. Through the coming and the operation of this Spirit of the glorified Christ, the church passed from the shadows into reality.